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Large Open Pores: All You Wanted to Know

If you’ve ever spent any time peering at open pores on your face in a mirror, you know how annoying their presence can be. And what’s worse, they’re not always very easy to treat. But there are still things you can do to improve their appearance.

If there’s one thing that can make a big difference to the overall look of your skin, it’s your pores. But what exactly is a pore? And what can you do to make large, open pores less obvious?

Your skin is covered with millions of tiny pores. Even though the vast majority of these pores are invisible to the naked eye, they are very important to the health and well-being of your skin.

Each pore consists of a hair follicle that opens onto the skin and sebaceous glands that secrete an oily substance called sebum.

Physiologically speaking, “pores” are tiny ostia (openings) from either hair follicles or sweat glands distributed along our skin. “Skin pores” is a lay term and refers to superficial skin structures visualized as small openings on the skin that correspond to sebaceous and sweat ostia.

Although hair follicles and their associated sebaceous glands are distributed throughout the body, they are more active in some locations than in others.

The sebaceous glands on the face are particularly active (glands on the back and in the groin are similar). Hormone levels in the bloodstream have a big impact on how much sebum is produced and released from the pores. In particular, testosterone can cause increased activity in the sebaceous glands.

When relatively larger amounts of sebum are produced by the pores, this can make them appear larger and more open than normal.

This increased activity in the sebaceous glands results in greater production and release of sebum from the pores. When relatively larger amounts of sebum are produced by the pores, this can make them appear larger and more open than normal.

But there’s another factor that can make your pores appear large. An open pore that’s releasing lots of sebum is more likely to become clogged by bacteria, dirt, or dead skin cells. This can give the skin a dull, lifeless appearance.

Age can also cause your pores to appear more open and prominent: some studies suggest that decreased elasticity around pores contributes to this particular skin condition. Aging causes a reduction in the concentration of collagen and elastin in the skin. Collagen is an elastic protein that is partially responsible for the tight, toned appearance of skin when we’re young. When the amount of collagen and elastin drops, skin loses elasticity and pores become more prominent.

Skin experts also say that genetics plays an important role in the relative prominence of your pores.

Most of the factors that affect the state of your pores cannot be altered. For instance, people who are born with unusually thick hair follicles may find that their pores appear larger as a result.

Skin experts also say that genetics plays an important role in the relative prominence of your pores. This means that to a large extent you will probably be unable to exert complete control over the way your pores look.

Despite the large number of available medications and therapies that are able to diminish skin pores, there are no evidence-based studies to support their use.

Before choosing any option, it’s best to visit a dermatologist. They will conduct a full skin exam and offer some valuable information.

Still, these tips might be helpful in your attempts to reduce the pores’ size:

  • If you’ve never tried a facial mask before, they are a very popular method of clearing your pores and tightening their appearance. Some cosmetic ingredients can reduce the oily appearance of skin and improve skin imperfections related to excess sebum. 

A quick visit to your local drugstore or favorite online retailer will give you an idea of the wide range of masks that are available. If large and congested pores are your main concern, look for products that are formulated with clay or other ingredients that will absorb dirt and bacteria from a blocked pore.

  • If your enlarged pores are mostly the result of aging, you may wish to consider booking an appointment with your dermatologist to discuss laser treatment. 

This works by stimulating collagen production and is particularly effective at addressing sun-damaged skin. There are a number of different types of laser therapy available, and your dermatologist will be able to tell you about the features of each.

While there’s nothing you can do to alter your genes or reduce the age of your skin, there are lots of ways to maximize the youthfulness of your skin.

Consider adding an exfoliating product to your routine. When used once or twice a week, it should help to brighten your skin and unblock your pores.

Keep the following in mind:

  • When taking care of your skin, your first priority should be to keep the area clean. If you still don’t have an established cleansing routine, now’s a good time to start. Find a gentle cleanser that suits your skin and use it every day to keep your skin fresh and free of dirt. Follow cleansing with toning and moisturizing your skin to prevent dryness. Cleansers for oily skin shouldn’t contain oils, waxes, or fatty agents.
  • Consider adding an exfoliating product to your routine. When used once or twice a week, it should help to brighten your skin and unblock your pores. Look for ingredients like salicylic acid or glycolic acid which can encourage the shedding of dead skin cells. However, be careful not to overuse this type of product as it may lead to dryness and irritation of the skin.
  • Be sure to keep your skin well-hydrated by applying a high-quality moisturizer every morning and night. Don’t make the mistake of assuming you don’t need one if you have oily or combination skin — instead, simply select a product that has been formulated with your skin type in mind. Moisturizers and other topical products should have formulations with nonocclusive, noncomedogenic, and oil-free agents.
  • Round off your new skincare routine with a sunscreen that will protect your skin from the effects of the sun. Use it every day, even when the sky is cloudy or you’re going to be indoors. Make sure to use products that are noncomedogenic — they are much less likely to cause blockage of your pores.

If you have large, blocked pores on your face, there’s a lot you can do to reduce their size and make them less noticeable.

Don’t forget that a healthy diet, plenty of water, and regular exercise can do wonders for the appearance of your skin. Follow the advice above, and you’ll soon be saying hello to brighter, fresher-looking skin!

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/in-depth/acne-treatments/art-20045892

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/in-depth/moisturizers/art-20044232

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27529707

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4337418/pdf/ccid-8-085.pdfhttps://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=26918966

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