Emergency contraception: how to choose
Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Typically, it is recommended that this method is used within 5 days after sexual intercourse.
There are several types of emergency contraception.
The most effective one is the copper intrauterine device, which should be inserted within 5 days after sexual intercourse. It will then continue protecting you against pregnancy as an ordinary contraceptive. However, for this procedure to be performed, you should make an appointment with a doctor, which may not be very convenient in urgent cases.
There are also emergency contraceptive pills, which differ in terms of active components. Their dosage regimens also vary accordingly. These contraceptives can be taken as a single dose or once every 12 hours. Some emergency contraception pills are available at the pharmacy without a prescription.
How emergency contraception works
Some women reject emergency contraception because they consider it a form of abortion. In fact, these contraceptives can’t affect an existing pregnancy, but they can prevent a new one by suppressing ovulation or affecting sperm. But how so? Sperm-egg fusion typically doesn’t occur directly during sexual intercourse.
Sperm viability is retained for up to 5 days, which is why it is so important that ovulation doesn’t occur during this time.
The main types of emergency contraception address the problem differently.
- Pills contain hormones that stop or delay ovulation, thus, not allowing the sperm to meet the egg.
- Copper contained in the copper IUD can stimulate the creation of an acidic environment, which is harmful to the sperm.
The most frequent mistakes using emergency contraception
It is important to remember some rules that will help you avoid annoying mishaps using emergency pregnancy pill:
- Take emergency contraception as soon as possible after intercourse.
- If unprotected sex happened during ovulation or within a fertile window, use a copper IUD for better emergency contraception effectiveness.
- Don’t use several emergency contraception methods at once. As a rule, this does not enhance protection against unwanted pregnancy and may worsen your condition.
- It is recommended that overweight women use a copper IUD because this method will be more effective for them than the pills.
- It is very important to choose the method that works perfectly for you.
- Keep in mind that emergency contraceptives do not protect against STDs!
If you’re wondering how to prevent pregnancy after having sex, emergency contraception should be the way to go for you. Just do your prior research and consult a doctor if you have any doubts.