What is pelvic floor therapy?
Your pelvic floor is the area inside your pelvis that extends from your pubic bone to your tailbone (coccyx). The pelvic floor is made up of layers of muscles and connective tissue. These structures can stretch and are formed around three different structures: your vagina, urethra, and anus. Some of the most essential functions of the pelvic floor include:
- Providing support for your uterus, bladder, and bowels during pregnancy
- Helping you control your bladder and bowels
- Contributing to the structures that support your spine
- Allowing you to enjoy sex and have more powerful orgasms
- Helping a baby’s head rotate and get into the proper position during childbirth
- Preventing constipation and incontinence
Just like any other muscle in your body, your pelvic floor can be strengthened through exercise. A strong pelvic floor can help prevent pelvic floor dysfunction, which can cause symptoms such as chronic pain and incontinence.
Pelvic floor therapy is a form of physical therapy that can help strengthen the structures of your pelvic floor. There are different strategies that can be used to perform pelvic floor therapy. These range from simple exercises you can do every day to more specialized techniques that need to be performed by a health care professional.