What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a disease that causes cancer cells to develop in the cervix, which is the part of the body that links the uterus and vagina. Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the leading cause of cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer tends to develop slowly over a long time, so it can be detected early through a combination of HPV testing and Pap screening, which collects and examines cervical cells. Thanks to the HPV vaccine and Pap smears, cervical cancer is the most preventable type of cancer.
When diagnosed early and treated promptly, cervical cancer can be cured. The first signs of cervical cancer are precancerous lesions on top of the cervix, which can be removed by a doctor in a nearly painless procedure. If the cancer is more developed, different treatment methods are available, such as radiation, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy and surgery.