Most ovarian cysts go away by themselves and don’t require medical attention. If you are experiencing unpleasant symptoms, though, your doctor may recommend some form of treatment.
You should remember that there is no hard scientific evidence that supports natural remedies for ovarian cysts. That is why it's always good to follow advice from your doctor, and don’t replace their prescribed treatment with home remedies.
There are different types of ovarian cysts. Some ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms or require treatment; they go away by themselves.
However, some cysts, especially large ones, can cause severe symptoms if they rupture. If you experience the following symptoms, contact your healthcare provider:
- chronic pelvic pain
- chronic abdominal pain or cramping
- rapid breathing
- clammy skin
That said, let’s look at the different types of ovarian cysts.
Inside the ovarian follicle is an immature egg, referred to as an oocyte, and some fluid. Once the follicle matures, it ruptures, releasing the egg and the fluid. That happens during the ovulation.
If the follicle does not rupture or expel the liquid, it swells up and becomes a cyst.
When a follicle releases an egg and starts producing progesterone, it is called a corpus luteum. The follicle becomes a cyst when it closes back up and fluid collects inside.
Most functional cysts are benign and harmless. They are the most common types of ovarian cysts and usually require no treatment, as they go away by themselves after a short time.
However, when there is internal bleeding in a functional cyst, it becomes a hemorrhagic cyst.
Dermoid cysts are growths that contain hair, fluid, glands, and skin tissue. Dermoid cysts are benign but can cause complications if they rupture.
Endometriomas are cysts that contain endometrial tissue and menstrual blood. Endometrioma cysts usually occur in women who have endometriosis.
While some people claim that there are natural remedies for ovarian cysts, there is no scientific evidence to support these claims.
Always be sure to consult your doctor before treating symptoms associated with ovarian cysts.
Over-the-counter medication can provide pain relief. You don’t need a prescription, but if the pain does not subside, you need to see a doctor.
Talk to your healthcare provider before taking any painkillers for ovarian cysts.
Studies have shown that being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing many illnesses. By losing weight, your body is able to function better, and this can help prevent the formation of ovarian cysts.
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Although this is not true for all women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), women with the condition are at a higher risk of developing ovarian cysts.
Women with PCOS are also resistant to insulin. This can increase their risk of developing diabetes and infertility, and may also cause weight gain.
If you have PCOS, you can change your diet (for example, reducing your sugar intake) to help reduce the risk of developing diabetes or ovarian cysts.
Stress and anxiety are known to lead to or exacerbate many health problems. When you are faced with a stressful situation, try using relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga to help you de-stress.
These techniques can also help with pain relief and improve your overall health.
If your cysts continue to grow, they may cause discomfort and should be treated properly.
Talk to your doctor if you experience:
- severe abdominal pain
- pelvic pain
- painful bowel movements
- urinary frequency
- menstrual irregularities
- painful intercourse
- rapid breathing
- nausea and vomiting
In some cases, ovarian cysts may cause complications. When a cyst ruptures, it can cause heavy bleeding and intense pain. These symptoms may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and pelvic pain. If you experience these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.