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CBD Oil and Pregnancy: Why Expectant Mothers Should Avoid It

The use of CBD oil has become increasingly widespread in recent years. Since many of the symptoms that CBD oil is believed to treat are common pregnancy symptoms, the question arises — what about CBD oil and pregnancy?

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is an active ingredient of cannabis (marijuana). It is one of the major components of marijuana, and it’s believed to have beneficial effects. CBD does not contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the psychoactive chemical in marijuana responsible for producing a high. 

Usually sold in the form of an oil, CBD is also available as an extract, a vaporized liquid, an edible, and an oil-based capsule.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any CBD products except for one prescription drug to treat rare, severe forms of seizure disorders in children. CBD has not been approved for use in any other medical conditions.

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding

Most experts express concern over the use of CBD during pregnancy due to its relation to marijuana and the limited amount of research available on the compound. 

There isn’t enough research on the use of marijuana during pregnancy and breastfeeding to declare it’s safe. As a result, the use of any marijuana related products is strongly discouraged for women who are pregnant or nursing. 

Most experts express concern over the use of CBD during pregnancy due to its relation to marijuana and the limited amount of research available on the compound.

Cannabinoids should be avoided during pregnancy because they can cross the placenta and directly affect the growth and development of the fetus. 

Studies show that when animals are exposed to cannabinoids in utero, their brain function and development may be disrupted. Impaired cognition and increased sensitivity to drugs were two of the results observed. In addition, studies have linked smoking cannabis with lower birth weight. 

Although CBD is not psychoactive, it still carries some risks. Side effects from using CBD oil may include: 

In addition, CBD interacts with other drugs such as blood thinners. 

It’s concerning that CBD products are not regulated. This means that the stated purity and concentration of CBD products may not be accurate.  In one study, 84 CBD products were purchased online and tested. More than a quarter of those products contained less CBD than they claimed to have. Even worse, 18 of those products contained THC. 

It’s best to avoid all cannabis products during pregnancy, including CBD.

When it comes to CBD oil and pregnancy, there is not enough research to deem it safe. As for the purity and dosage of CBD products bought online, there’s no guarantee that what it says on the label is what you are getting. It’s best to avoid all cannabis products during pregnancy, including CBD.

Only treatments that have been identified as safe during pregnancy should be used to manage morning sickness. Fortunately, there are many options out there for people experiencing nausea. 

Your doctor may recommend vitamin B6 supplements or ginger to counteract nausea. If nausea and vomiting are severe, your doctor may prescribe anti-nausea medication. 

The major concerns of severe nausea and vomiting are dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Some pregnant women may be given extra fluids and medication to counteract the effects of frequent vomiting. 

You may also be able to treat morning sickness with the following lifestyle changes: 

  • Eat smaller meals — Instead of eating three large meals a day, switch to smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day. Aim for eating enough that your stomach is never completely empty nor too full, both of which can trigger nausea.  
  • Choose foods carefully — Avoid foods that are known to cause an upset stomach and nausea, such as fatty and greasy foods, overly sweet foods, spicy foods, and gas-producing foods. Try high protein, low-fat, mild foods that will sit well in your stomach.
  • Drink plenty of fluids — After vomiting, it’s important to drink fluids with electrolytes to replace those you have lost. Also, sip water or ginger tea, since ginger is a natural remedy for nausea and vomiting. 
  • Avoid strong smells — Strong smells, including certain foods, perfumes, and cigarette smoke, can trigger morning sickness. Avoid places where you know there are strong smells, and always choose a seat near the window. 
  • Pay attention to your triggers — People are triggered by different things. It can be anything, including sounds, sights, smells, tastes, the temperature in the room, or even the way certain fabrics feel on your skin. 
  • Breathe fresh air — Sometimes just getting out of the house or office to take a breather can do wonders for your nausea. When all else fails, step outside for some space and fresh air. 
  • Be mindful about your prenatal vitamins — Some people feel queasy after taking their prenatal vitamins. To combat this, take your vitamins with a snack. 
  • Rinse your mouth after vomiting — If you are prone to vomiting, carry around a small bottle of mouthwash and a water bottle wherever you go. If the taste and smell of vomit linger after you have been sick, it can set you off again.

It’s best to avoid CBD during pregnancy and focus on treatments that have been tested and proven safe for you and your baby. 

Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements, over-the-counter medications, or prescription medicine during pregnancy.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165951/

https://www.acog.org/Clinical-Guidance-and-Publications/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Obstetric-Practice/Marijuana-Use-During-Pregnancy-and-Lactation?IsMobileSet=false

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK425751/

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