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  3. Baby care & feeding

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When Can Babies Have Water? The Unexpected Answer

As a parent, you’ll see countless milestones come and go. You need answers to questions about feeding your little one, weaning them, putting them to sleep – not to mention walking, talking, and everything in between.

During the first six months, feeding practices might be hard to grasp, but don’t stress out about it. Soon, you’ll begin transitioning your child from breastfeeding or bottle-feeding to solid foods and drinks. How can you safely maintain their health and keep them hydrated?

It may seem a bit unnatural not to provide your newborn with water, especially if you live in a warm climate. However, research shows that water consumption prior to the age of 6 months is actually more harmful than beneficial. Water fills them up, while juice, which contains empty calories and added sugar, is known to cause diarrhea.

Early on, your breast milk is the only source of nourishment, as well as fluids, that your infant needs to satisfy their hunger and thirst. It contains the macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals required for proper growth and development. Until they’ve been weaned off of breast milk or formula (around the 6-month-mark), drinking water regularly could create potential health issues.

Note that there are exceptions to the rule. For example, if your child’s sick and losing fluids at a rapid rate due to diarrhea or vomiting, small amounts of water may be given. As always, though, consult your pediatrician first.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), water consumption increases their chances for diarrhea, malnutrition, and even infection.

When consuming water, children tend to drink less breast milk or formula, resulting in a shortage of proteins, minerals, Immunoglobulin A (IgA), and antimicrobial peptides. They also demonstrate reduced appetite, as infants under 6 months receiving water show an 11% decrease in breast milk intake.

Pediatricians often exercise caution here to avoid the possibility of water intoxication. Your baby’s system is fragile and their kidneys don’t have the same capacity to filter water as yours. An overabundance of water pushes their kidneys to flush out sodium reserves, leading to an electrolyte imbalance. Symptoms of water intoxication include lethargy, vomiting, irritability, convulsions, and hypothermia. In serious cases, it may cause seizures, brain damage, or death.

Lastly, supplementing with water ups your baby’s likelihood of contracting infections. Improperly purified water can contain dangerous pathogens and waterborne diseases that their bodies cannot fight off.

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The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months of life. It’s wise to wait until after you’ve weaned your baby and introduced some soft solids before offering water.

At 3 months, your infant’s kidneys are approximately two-thirds developed. At six months, their kidneys are better equipped to regulate water intake.

Between the ages of 6 and 12 months, it’s safe to provide small amounts of water to supplement breast milk/formula and solid foods. Even then, use just enough to get your child accustomed to drinking water. A few sips here and there, totaling 2 to 4 ounces per day, should do the trick.

Many parents believe that if they’re not giving their baby any water, they may become dehydrated. But that’s definitely not the case. Since breast milk is composed of more than 80 percent water, it’s ideal for keeping your infant hydrated and nourished for the first six months.

Formula should never be mixed with more water than what’s outlined in the instructions. This practice reduces the amount of nutrients absorbed at each feeding, and leaves your baby susceptible to electrolyte imbalances and water intoxication.

Overconsumption of water triggers their cells to absorb more than they can handle. It produces swelling throughout the body, including in the brain. That’s why it’s extremely important to follow the package directions for mixing formula.

https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/infantandtoddlernutrition/breastfeeding/recommendations-benefits.html

https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/infantandtoddlernutrition/foods-and-drinks/foods-and-drinks-to-encourage.html

https://www.who.int/features/qa/breastfeeding/en/hkjpaed.org/pdf/2002;7;165-168.pdf

rehydrate.org/breastfeed/faq-exclusive-breastfeeding.htm

https://www.stlouischildrens.org/health-resources/pulse/water-intoxication-infants

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2b7e/ff0866799fa61d5e1cfa6dec99d9067b6520.pdf

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/formula-feeding/Pages/How-to-Safely-Prepare-Formula-with-Water.aspx

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5222035/Feeding-baby-water-FATAL.html

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