What is menopause?
As the body gets older, certain physiological changes take place, leading to the gradual extinction of reproductive and menstrual functions.
This process can take several years (the so-called premenopause), then the menstrual cycle stops completely and menopause occurs.
Remember that this is not a disease, but a life milestone, which means the end of your childbearing age.
Take advantage of this new phase. Fill your mind with positive thoughts, explore what brings you pleasure and joy, and rediscover your body without looking back.
What is the menopause age?
Every woman is unique and has her own individual physique, health, physiology, and lifestyle features, which is why the menopause age onset varies from woman to woman.
Menopause is said to have arrived only if periods have been absent for 12 consecutive months.
If periods occur during the year, you should start counting anew.
Menstruation can stop on its own or as result of ovarian surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc.
There are several stages of menopause:
- perimenopause, which lasts for about 5 years before menstruation stops completely (age 45−50)
- menopause, when menstruation is absent for a year after a woman gets her last period (around age 50)
- postmenopause, which lasts for 10 years after the last menstruation
Menopause can be physiological (age 47−52), early (under age 47), and late (over age 52), and this depends on heredity and overall reproductive health.
Menopause occurs earlier in case of previous ovarian surgeries, chemotherapy, or autoimmune diseases. It may take place later in women who have given birth multiple times.
Menopause is not a disease, but a natural process with its own specific symptoms.
As soon as the menstrual cycle goes beyond its usual schedule, some women may experience such signs of menopause as mood swings, low libido, excessive sweating, palpitations, headaches, chills, and sleep problems.
Many start feeling discomfort during sex, including genital itching and burning due to the dryness and thinning of the vaginal mucosa.
Menopause can cause such problems as weight gain and metabolic slowdown, and sometimes be accompanied by cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis.
There may also be urination problems; for example, incontinence when coughing, laughing or lifting heavy objects. Kegel exercises can help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
Proper nutrition, exercise, and attention to your body will help you stay healthy longer.
Menstruation changes are the main perimenopause symptoms
Menstruation changes are the first signs of perimenopause.
Changes in the length of your period (either increasing or decreasing) and menstrual bleeding become more abundant and irregular. Periods may occur once in 2–3 weeks or be absent for several months in a row until they disappear completely.
This phase is unique for every woman and may require a doctor’s supervision.
This is particularly important if the interval between periods is less than 2 weeks, there is severe bleeding (menstrual hygiene products require changing every 1–2 hours), or if menstruation lasts for more than a week.
Contrary to popular belief, menopause is not a bad thing, not a disease by any means. It’s merely another peculiar stage in a woman’s life. The more we appreciate this menopause meaning, the better