Meat provides the body with the protein necessary for the baby's growth. It is very important that it is cooked thoroughly (well-done).
Raw meat dishes (for example, rare steaks or carpaccio) can contain harmful bacteria and pose a danger to you and your baby. They should be excluded from your diet.
You shouldn't consume raw fish. Cook them thoroughly to avoid parasitic infections. Don't include king mackerel, shark, swordfish, and tuna in your diet as they can accumulate heavy metal salts that are dangerous to the fetus.
If you can't imagine your life without sushi, avoid the kinds containing raw fish, and try hot or vegetable rolls.
Caviar, however, is relatively safe for pregnant women.
Seafood is very healthy to eat during pregnancy, but it is important to ensure it is thoroughly cooked. Eating raw seafood (oysters, for example) increases the risk of gastrointestinal and blood infections. This condition can lead to severe dehydration and life-threatening effects for the baby.
Soy contains phytohormones, which can adversely affect the hormonal system. It is also quite allergenic. For this reason, don't consume too much soy during pregnancy.
Choose fermented soy products, such as tempeh and miso paste. Avoid genetically modified soy and soy protein isolate.
To avoid salmonella infection, do not consume raw or undercooked eggs, as well as food items made from them (carbonara, eggnog, hollandaise sauce, etc.)
The perfect option to safeguard yourself and your future baby is hard-boiled eggs.
Citrus fruits are very healthy to eat during pregnancy because they are rich in Vitamin C and folic acid, which are essential for fetal development.
The baby's hypersensitivity to certain foods, as well as allergies, develops at approximately week 22 of the pregnancy.
You should pay special attention to what you eat starting from week 22.
Button mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, honey mushrooms, and butter-foot boletes are your best choices during pregnancy. They are healthy and can be easily distinguished from poisonous species. For safety, avoid eating raw and dried mushrooms. They should be fully cooked.
Marinated and canned mushrooms are not recommended because there is a risk of botulism infection.
Honey is a healthy and natural dessert. Consuming it during pregnancy is safe in most cases.
However, remember that this is a fairly strong allergen. If you are even slightly predisposed to allergies, it is better to exclude honey from your diet.
The consumption of garlic in small amounts is completely safe during pregnancy and has many advantages. Too much garlic in the diet can cause heartburn, so it is important to know when to draw the line.
Ginger can alleviate toxicosis symptoms, but it is important to consume it in small quantities. Giving up ginger is recommended in the last weeks of pregnancy because of its blood-thinning properties, which might cause postpartum hemorrhage.
The U.S. Food & Drug Administration has included aspartame, sucralose, and stevia in the list of sugar substitutes safe for consumption during pregnancy. However, the use of sweeteners can have adverse effects on your health (for example, headaches, digestive problems, etc.), so they should be consumed in moderation.
There is an opinion that peanuts are not recommended during pregnancy due to being very allergenic. However, peanuts should be avoided only if you are allergic to them. Other than that, they haven't been proven to adversely affect the fetus.
Soft and moldy cheeses, as well as raw milk products, can contain listeriosis-causing bacteria. You should avoid them while you're pregnant.
Instead, choose hard cheeses or cheeses from pasteurized milk. Chilled meat pâtés should be excluded from the diet for the same reason.
It is recommended that pregnant women exclude raw sprouts (such as radish, bean, alfalfa, clover, etc.) from their diet.
If bacteria get into the sprouts, it is almost impossible to wash it out, and this can cause food poisoning. This is an unnecessary risk for you and your baby. Fully cooked sprouts can be consumed safely.
Ready-to-eat salads with ham, chicken, or seafood can pose a danger as they can contain various bacteria, which are destroyed only by thorough cooking.
To rule out the risk of food-borne infection, experts suggest making these salads at home to ensure that the items are cooked properly.
Consuming store-bought ice cream during pregnancy is safe because it is made from pasteurized milk and eggs, and the risk of food poisoning is negligible.
You should choose pasteurized ingredients if you decide to make ice cream at home.