What is anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH)?
The anti-Müllerian hormone is produced by granulosa cells of growing follicles (during early stages of their development) in the ovaries. This hormone determines ovarian reserve. In other words, it defines the quantity but not the quality of follicles in the ovaries. It can also be used as a marker for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
The anti-Müllerian hormone is closely related to issues of fertility and of high importance to those who are trying to conceive. It has been used as an ovarian reserve marker since 2002. The ovarian reserve is also a strong indicator of the pregnancy treatment outcome.
People who are being examined for infertility are likely to have their AMH levels checked.
Regarding treatment for infertility, the anti-Müllerian hormone test provides answers to a couple of important questions:
- What is the ovarian reserve?
- Are there enough eggs for successful in vitro fertilization (IVF), and how will the ovaries respond to stimulation?
- Should egg freezing or planning a pregnancy sooner be considered?