What does fertility mean?
Female fertility is defined as a woman’s ability to conceive and bear children. The concept of fertility is closely related to fecundity, but these terms refer to different things. Fecundity is the physiological potential for reproduction, which can depend on age, health, and willingness to conceive.
Fertility, on the other hand, refers to the actual ability to produce offspring. Unlike fecundity, fertility can be statistically measured through fertility rates.