Ovulation is the release of a mature egg by the ovaries, and it occurs around the 14th day of a woman’s menstrual cycle. The average cycle length is usually about 28 days, but some women have longer or shorter cycles.
Once the egg is released, one of two things happens: you can get pregnant, or you can get your period. The egg has a survival time period of 2 days. After that, the egg dies, and it is shed along with your uterine lining. This is when you get your period.
When you ovulate, three hormones get to their peak levels — luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). These hormones are responsible for triggering the release of the egg.
The levels of progesterone go up right after ovulation. The imbalance in sex hormones can occur, resulting in premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms such as breast tenderness, nausea, fatigue, cramps, headaches, food cravings, and bloating.
It is easy to confuse DPO symptoms with early pregnancy symptoms. Although you may experience symptoms similar to those of an early pregnancy after ovulation, it does not mean you are pregnant.
DPO symptoms last for about 5 to 14 days before your period starts and go away once you get your period. After ovulation, you should expect to get your period 14 or 15 days later.
During this post-ovulation period, what you could be experiencing are PMS symptoms. However, the body stops producing the hormone progesterone which is responsible for these symptoms about ten days after ovulation.
This means that for many people, at about 10 DPO, PMS symptoms disappear. If this happens, it is a sign that you are not pregnant and so a pregnancy test may not be necessary.
However, if your period does not come when you’re expecting it, and you are experiencing pregnancy-like symptoms, you may want to take a pregnancy test to find out if you are pregnant.
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Post-ovulation, you may experience symptoms similar to those of early pregnancy, like spotting, tender breasts, increased urination, and nausea. This does not necessarily indicate pregnancy.
Taking a pregnancy test can confirm if you are pregnant or not. If you get a negative result and still miss your period, you might want to go visit your doctor.
Your doctor may perform tests to determine the cause of the symptoms. Although rare, sometimes the cause can be an ectopic pregnancy or other health complication.
If you did conceive, you may experience some of these pregnancy symptoms:
Fatigue or exhaustion
During pregnancy, your body produces more progesterone. This hormone is responsible for a number of symptoms including, fatigue, nausea, and constipation.
So if you are experiencing exhaustion or chronic fatigue, this may happen due to elevated levels of progesterone in the body.
If you’re feeling exhausted, relaxing can help you regain energy. Some people find that taking short walks helps relieve that feeling of tiredness.
Cramping is an early symptom of pregnancy. Many women describe the cramping as a dull pressure on the lower abdomen. Usually, the cramping is mild.
To ease pain from cramps, painkillers or a heating pad can be very helpful.
When you become pregnant, high levels of hormones may affect your digestive system. The hormone progesterone is notorious for slowing down the digestive system in early pregnancy. This is because progesterone relaxes smooth muscles in the body, so you may experience flatulence, bloating, and constipation.
During early pregnancy, it is normal to experience some bloating. This is also due to high levels of progesterone.
Your high levels of progesterone during early pregnancy may also cause backaches by making the supporting discs and ligaments in your back soft.
Tender or swollen breasts is a common symptom in early pregnancy. It’s also a common PMS symptom. The reason your breasts become tender or swollen is due to an increased flow of blood to the breast tissue caused by elevated hormones.
Nausea is a common symptom in early pregnancy. Some women experience nausea. Others experience nausea as well as vomiting. This also happens because of high levels of progesterone.
As previously mentioned, elevated levels of progesterone tend to slow down the digestive system, causing bloating and constipation. It is this bloating and constipation that causes nausea.
However, smell also triggers nausea in pregnant women. Some women become sensitive to certain smells or odors like perfume or cigarette smoke. Even the slightest whiff can cause nausea.
Headaches are common during the first trimester. When hormone levels in the body rise, they may cause headaches, especially the progesterone.
Yes. Some pregnancy tests can determine pregnancy five days before your missed period. So it is possible to get a 10 DPO BFP (Big Fat Positive).
It is possible to get a 10 DPO BFN (Big Fat Negative) while experiencing symptoms similar to those of early pregnancy. Some symptoms you may experience include:
- Mild cramping
- Swollen or tender breasts
- Hot flushes
- Frequent urination
If you are hoping to get pregnant and you are experiencing these symptoms around 10 DPO, take a pregnancy test, but make sure it is a blood hCG test, because urine hCG test is not so sensitive and cannot show the correct result so early. If you get a 10 DPO BFN, you can try testing again at 11 DPO or at 14 days post ovulation.