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The History of Birth Control: How Contraceptives Were Invented and Became Popular

When was birth control invented? When did contraceptives become popular and available to everyone? Let’s take a few steps back into history.

People have been seeking to control fertility since ancient times.

Historical texts contain descriptions of the first contraception methods, but they proved ineffective and detrimental to health.

For example, in ancient China, women were advised to eat 16 tadpoles fried in mercury after sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy.

The 19th-century birth control was marked by the first use of condoms and the invention of contraceptive sponges and douching, but not everyone could afford those methods.

The substances that were used as a last resort became dangerous because of frequent use. Experts recommended injecting salt, vinegar, sulfide, or zinc chloride mixtures into the vagina several times a day.

Despite people's interest in the subject, safe and affordable birth control methods were introduced only in the 20th century.

Prior to the 1900s, laws, the church, and ethics forbade doctors from providing any advice on birth control methods or offering contraceptives to patients.

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Female contraception after the sexual revolution

The 1960s were marked by the famous sexual revolution. The invention of oral contraceptives gave more freedom to women.

Later, various female contraception methods were developed, such as injectable medications, subcutaneous implants, hormonal rings, and combined new generation pills.

They were aimed at making sex carefree and pleasurable, but in practice, the emphasis was placed on the medical aspect only.

This is the main difference between female and male contraception.

Male birth control manufacturers make sure that the contraceptives don’t interfere with male orgasm and don’t affect the erectile function.

In the case of female contraceptive products, their effectiveness and usability are emphasized, but the effect on sexual activity, the ability to support stimulation, and the production of lubrication during sexual intercourse, as well as reducing discomfort and pain, are not taken into account.

In the future, scientists will carry out more experiments in this field

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4247241/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10342089
http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/04/the-fascinating-history-of-birth-c
ontrol/
https://books.google.by/books?id=Wbeoi0rGvpkC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=Contraception+syringe++vinegar,&source=bl&ots=mMbyanWTCZ&sig=u-xnoLDGS7T7y2bsxRAZq-UhhC4&hl=be&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjVkdn9yrTWAhXIJZoKHcifDrwQ6AEINTAC#v=onepage&q&f=false

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